Marble is a quite common building material. In India, Rajasthan caters almost 85 % of the total demand for marble. It is normally a rich source of calcium carbonate which has various applications. Quarrying, processing, and polishing of marble generates a large amount of waste. This waste is dumped and left unattended thus creating hazardous problems. It is required to use this waste material in the development of some value-added products and reducing the impact on the environment. Thus, it is necessary to know the chemical properties of the waste left behind and how it reacts or helps in the hydration process. It is required to study the current uses of this waste marble dust in various industrial and construction practices.

This paper describes various chemical properties of marble dust using characterization techniques like X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), X-Ray fluorescence (XRF), Thermo gravimetric Analysis (TGA) and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). Also, the practical application of these characterization techniques in studying the chemical reactions taking place in mortars and concrete are reviewed. Suggestions for further studies and utilization in various fields for building a sustainable environment are also incorporated. It would encourage bulk utilization of waste marble dust as an alternative construction material which is otherwise a waste.


  • Used as an aggregate material in concrete mixture.
  • Marble powder due to its fineness will easily mix with the aggregates for perfect Bonding.
  • contributes to improve the strength of concrete.
  • Marble sludge powder, as admixture for making bricks.
  • It explores the use of marble sludge powder to increase the amount of fines and it can achieve a sustainable environment in an economical way.
  • Used as basic composition of ceramic.
  • Marble sludge rough / fine powder is used in manufacturing in ceramic tiles, ceramic artwork, ceramic cookware etc.
  • Marble sludge powder is a primary ingredient in acrylic gesso, a surface primer for canvases and other surfaces intended for painting.
  • To make plasters such as Marmorino and Venetian plaster, as a filler in paint, or in frescoes to replace sand.
  • Is used inindustrial scale cutting and polishing of glass.